Mycotic aneurysm of the femoral artery complicating Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: a case report
Serviço de Medicina II, Hospitais da Universidade Coimbra, Av. Bissaya Barreto e Praceta Prof. Mota Pinto, 3000-075, Coimbra, Portugal
Cases Journal 2009, 2:9386 doi:10.1186/1757-1626-2-9386Published: 22 December 2009
Staphylococcus aureus is the major cause of bacteremia, with the potential for some complications, namely mycotic aneurysms, defined as irreversible dilatation of an artery due to destruction of the vessel wall by infection.
The authors present the case of a 52 year-old-Caucasian male, admitted with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and mycotic aneurysm of the right superficial femoral artery, associated with advanced atherosclerotic process.
Mycotic aneurysms are rare, and a high index of suspicion is needed, because appropriate treatment will certainly affect the outcome, as they are associated with high morbidity and mortality.